Images of Medieval Art and Architecture


John 19

1 Then therefore, Pilate took Jesus, and scourged him. 

2 And the soldiers platting a crown of thorns, put it upon his head; and
they put on him a purple garment. 

3 And they came to him, and said: Hail, king of the Jews; and they gave
him blows. 

4 Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith to them: Behold, I bring
him forth unto you, that you may know that I find
no cause in him. 

5 (Jesus therefore came forth, bearing the crown of thorns and the purple
garment.) And he saith to them: Behold the Man.

6 When the chief priests, therefore, and the servants, had seen him, they
cried out, saying: Crucify him, crucify him.
Pilate saith to them: Take him you, and crucify him: for I find no cause
in him. 

7 The Jews answered him: We have a law; and according to the law he ought
to die, because he made himself the Son of

8 When Pilate therefore had heard this saying, he feared the more. 

9 And he entered into the hall again, and he said to Jesus: Whence art
thou? But Jesus gave him no answer. 

10 Pilate therefore saith to him: Speakest thou not to me? knowest thou
not that I have power to crucify thee, and I have
power to release thee? 

11 Jesus answered: Thou shouldst not have any power against me, unless it
were given thee from above. Therefore, he
that hath delivered me to thee, hath the greater sin. 

12 And from henceforth Pilate sought to release him. But the Jews cried
out, saying: If thou release this man, thou art not
Caesar's friend. For whosoever maketh himself a king, speaketh against

13 Now when Pilate had heard these words, he brought Jesus forth, and sat
down in the judgment seat, in the place that is
called Lithostrotos, and in Hebrew Gabbatha. 

14 And it was the parasceve of the pasch, about the sixth hour, and he
saith to the Jews: Behold your king. 

15 But they cried out: Away with him; away with him; crucify him. Pilate
saith to them: Shall I crucify your king? The
chief priests answered: We have no king but Caesar. 

16 Then therefore he delivered him to them to be crucified. And they took
Jesus, and led him forth. 

17 And bearing his own cross, he went forth to that place which is called
Calvary, but in Hebrew Golgotha. 

18 Where they crucified him, and with him two others, one on each side,
and Jesus in the midst. 

19 And Pilate wrote a title also, and he put it upon the cross. And the

20 This title therefore many of the Jews did read: because the place where
Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, in
Greek, and in Latin. 

21 Then the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate: Write not, The King
of the Jews; but that he said, I am the King of the Jews. 

22 Pilate answered: What I have written, I have written. 

23 The soldiers therefore, when they had crucified him, took his garments,
(and they made four parts, to every soldier a part,) and also his coat.
Now the coat was without seam, woven from the
top throughout. 

24 They said then one to another: Let us not cut it, but let us cast lots
for it, whose it shall be; that the scripture might be fulfilled, saying:
They have parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture they have
cast lot. And the soldiers indeed did these things. 

25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus, his mother, and his mother's
sister, Mary of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalen. 

26 When Jesus therefore had seen his mother and the disciple standing whom
he loved, he saith to his mother: Woman, behold thy son. 

27 After that, he saith to the disciple: Behold thy mother. And from that
hour, the disciple took her to his own. 

28 Afterwards, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that
the scripture might be fulfilled, said: I thirst. 

29 Now there was a vessel set there full of vinegar. And they, putting a
sponge full of vinegar and hyssop, put it to his mouth. 

30 Jesus therefore, when he had taken the vinegar, said: It is 
consummated. And bowing his head, he gave up the ghost. 

31 Then the Jews, (because it was the parasceve,) that the bodies might
not remain on the cross on the sabbath day, (for that was a great sabbath
day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might
be taken away. 

32 The soldiers therefore came; and they broke the legs of the first, and
of the other that was crucified with him. 

33 But after they were come to Jesus, when they saw that he was already
dead, they did not break his legs. 

34 But one of the soldiers with a spear opened his side, and immediately
there came out blood and water. 

35 And he that saw it, hath given testimony, and his testimony is true.
And he knoweth that he saith true; that you also
may believe. 

36 For these things were done, that the scripture might be fulfilled: You
shall not break a bone of him. 

37 And again another scripture saith: They shall look on him whom they

38 And after these things, Joseph of Arimathea (because he was a disciple
of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews) besought Pilate that he might
take away the body of Jesus. And Pilate gave leave. He came therefore, and
took the body of Jesus. 

39 And Nicodemus also came, (he who at the first came to Jesus by night,)
bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight. 

40 They took therefore the body of Jesus, and bound it in linen cloths,
with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury. 

41 Now there was in the place where he was crucified, a garden; and in the
garden a new sepulchre, wherein no man yet had been laid. 

42 There, therefore, because of the parasceve of the Jews, they laid
Jesus, because the sepulchre was nigh at hand. 

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Updated by Jane Vadnal, February, 1998