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Exodus 12

1 And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt: 

2 This month shall be to you the beginning of months: it shall be the first in the months of the

3 Speak ye to the whole assembly of the children of Israel, and say to them: On the tenth day of
this month let every man take a lamb by their families and houses. 

4 But if the number be less than may suffice to eat the lamb, he shall take unto him his neighbour
that joineth to his house, according to the number of souls which may be enough to eat the lamb. 

5 And it shall be a lamb without blemish, a male, of one year: according to which rite also you
shall take a kid. 

6 And you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this month: and the whole multitude of the
children of Israel shall sacrifice it in the evening. 

7 And they shall take of the blood thereof, and put it upon both the side posts, and on the upper
door posts of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. 

8 And they shall eat the flesh that night roasted at the fire, and unleavened bread with wild

9 You shall not eat thereof any thing raw, nor boiled in water, but only roasted at the fire: you
shall eat the head with the feet and entrails thereof. 

10 Neither shall there remain any thing of it until morning. If there be any thing left, you shall
burn it with fire. 

11 And thus you shall eat it: you shall gird your reins, and you shall have shoes on your feet,
holding staves in your hands, and you shall eat in haste: for it is the Phase (that is the Passage) of
the Lord. 

12 And I will pass through the land of Egypt that night, and will kill every firstborn in the land of
Egypt both man and beast: and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the

13 And the blood shall be unto you for a sign in the houses where you shall be: and I shall see
the blood, and shall pass over you: and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I
shall strike the land of Egypt. 

14 And this day shall be for a memorial to you: and you shall keep it a feast to the Lord in your
generations with an everlasting observance. 

15 Seven days shall you eat unleavened bread: in the first day there shall be no leaven in your
houses: whosoever shall eat any thing leavened, from the first day until the seventh day, that soul
shall perish out of Israel. 

16 The first day shall be holy and solemn, and the seventh day shall be kept with the like
solemnity: you shall do no work in them, except those things that belong to eating. 

17 And you shall observe the feast of the unleavened bread: for in this same day I will bring forth
your army out of the land of Egypt, and you shall keep this day in your generations by a
perpetual observance. 

18 The first month, the fourteenth day of the month in the evening, you shall eat unleavened
bread, until the one and twentieth day of the same month in the evening. 

19 Seven days there shall not be found any leaven in your houses: he that shall eat leavened
bread, his soul shall perish out of the assembly of Israel, whether he be a stranger or born in the

20 You shall not eat any thing leavened: in all your habitations you shall eat unleavened bread. 

21 And Moses called all the ancients of the children of Israel, and said to them: Go take a lamb
by your families, and sacrifice the Phase. 

22 And dip a bunch of hyssop in the blood that is at the door, and sprinkle the transom of the
door therewith, and both the door cheeks: let none of you go out of the door of his house till

23 For the Lord will pass through striking the Egyptians: and when he shall see the blood on the
transom, and on both the posts, he will pass over the door of the house, and not suffer the
destroyer to come into your houses and to hurt you. 

24 Thou shalt keep this thing as a law for thee and thy children for ever. 

25 And when you have entered into the land which the Lord will give you as he hath promised,
you shall observe these ceremonies. 

26 And when your children shall say to you: What is the meaning of this service? 

27 You shall say to them: It is the victim of the passage of the Lord, when he passed over the
houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, striking the Egyptians, and saving our houses. And the
people bowing themselves, adored. 

28 And the children of Israel going forth did as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron. 

29 And it came to pass at midnight, the Lord slew every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the
firstborn of Pharao, who sat on his throne, unto the firstborn of the captive woman that was in
the prison, and all the firstborn of cattle. 

30 And Pharao arose in the night, and all his servants, and all Egypt: for there was not a house
wherein there lay not one dead. 

31 And Pharao calling Moses and Aaron, in the night, said: Arise and go forth from among my
people, you and the children of Israel: go, sacrifice to the Lord as you say. 

32 Your sheep and herds take along with you, as you demanded, and departing, bless me. 

33 And the Egyptians pressed the people to go forth out of the land speedily, saying: We shall all

34 The people therefore took dough before it was leavened: and tying it in their cloaks, put it on
their shoulders. 

35 And the children of Israel did as Moses had commanded: and they asked of the Egyptians
vessels of silver and gold, and very much raiment. 

36 And the Lord gave favour to the people in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent unto
them: and they stripped the Egyptians. 

37 And the children of Israel set forward from Ramesse to Socoth, being about six hundred
thousand men on foot, beside children. 

38 And a mixed multitude without number went up also with them, sheep and herds and beasts
of divers kinds, exceeding many. 

39 And they baked the meal, which a little before they had brought out of Egypt, in dough: and
they made earth cakes unleavened: for it could not be leavened, the Egyptians pressing them to
depart, and not suffering them to make any stay: neither did they think of preparing any meat. 

40 And the abode of the children of Israel that they made in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty

41 Which being expired, the same day all the army of the Lord went forth out of the land of

42 This is the observable night of the Lord, when he brought them forth out of the land of Egypt:
this night all the children of Israel must observe in their generations. 

43 And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron: This is the service of the Phase: No foreigner shall eat
of it. 

44 But every bought servant shall be circumcised, and so shall eat. 

45 The stranger and the hireling shall not eat thereof. 

46 In one house shall it be eaten, neither shall you carry forth of the flesh thereof out of the
house, neither shall you break a bone thereof. 

47 All the assembly of the children of Israel shall keep it. 

48 And if any stranger be willing to dwell among you, and to keep the Phase of the Lord, all his
males shall first be circumcised, and then shall he celebrate it according to the manner: and he
shall be as he that is born in the land: but if any man be uncircumcised, he shall not eat thereof. 

49 The same law shall be to him that is born in the land, and to the proselyte that sojourneth with

50 And all the children of Israel did as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron. 

51 And the same day the Lord brought forth the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by
their companies. 

Updated by Jane Vadnal, September, 1998